Who Generate Knowledge and How Does Accreditation Come In ?

" Science was mysterious in nature. Curious persons or independent researchers or self experimenters have been continuously running behind it to understand its characteristic in the past. When substantial and perpetual means of the solution was developed for scientific phenomena, then it was presented to royal people and elites in history. "

" Later, the demonstrators were appointed as lecturers in academia or in royal society and this tradition has been continued for several centuries. By looking at this tradition for the past few hundreds of years, everyone can see that the newcomers have successfully improved the fields while some have overthrown the old knowledge astonishingly."

" For an ideal instance: Newton's idea was overthrown by Einstein, particularly on the gravitational field and later it was further improved by following researchers to support the string theory. This field improving trend has still been practiced widely but slightly changed to fit the modern era; whereby the academics will be appointed to carry out cutting edge researches under universities banner with full financial supports."

So the obvious question is: "How do the private universities survive which don't have any research facilities (lab ) or research outcomes at all ?" The answer is simple and straightforward: the 'accreditation' by the national organization in whatsoever means. Because of such complexities, the accrediting bodies become crucial in monitoring the educational qualities. The fundamental task of an accrediting agency or professional body is to ensure that the quality of education is well maintained, delivered and preserved at all the time but not to support in favor of money or something else. To what extent the quality of private universities being monitored is a million-dollar question; nowadays! When practically-structured courses, such as medical and/or aircraft engineering are subjected to monitorization, then strict involvement must be imposed on it as the practical sessions are crucial and inevitable. However, this concept is to date, widely used for non-technical courses including computer program courses. Further to this, the accreditation factor has been spread to arts and social sciences, resulting in the deterioration from quality to money. This is educational absurd because we still have professional bodies separately to allow anyone to sit for a professional examination if the field of expertise requires distinction.

While too many anomalies still do exist among the educational industry, the US NEWS Education is widely known for its criteria (90% new knowledge generation measurement) which works to evaluate the universities for its overall performance. Thus: the global ranking of universities ensures the contemporary and latest knowledge (syllabus and lectures) in the fields. Learning old knowledge may end up in a lack of expertise and/or perhaps may lead to unemployment in the field of study. It can therefore be generally said that: learning the latest and cutting-edge knowledge paves ways for improvement in any field without being affected by the accrediting factors.

Advan-kt strongly believes that MOOC is the right mechanism for true knowledge dissemination and US NEWS Education is the right choice for true guidance. Times Higher Education takes citation data from ELSEVIER (Scopus) while US NEWS Education takes from Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics). As to reinforce the Advan-kt's vision, we strongly recommend reading the Frequently Asked Questions to understand various categories of doctoral studies because Doctoral Education is not absolute for all the countries around the world. The above video clip shows the historical development of electrical engineering, in which only the researchers play crucial roles but not any university in any circumstance. That is why the industries are still conferring industrial doctorate without any accreditation.

What Great People Think About Knowledge ?

Best Global Universities Rankings by US News Education                    

Research and New Knowledge Generation (90%)

1) Global research reputation (12.5%)
2) Regional research reputation (12.5%)
3) Publications (10%)
4) Books (2.5%)
5) Conferences (2.5%)
6) Normalized citation impact (10%)
7) Total citations (7.5%)
8) Number of publications that are among the 10% most cited (12.5%)
9) Percentage of total publications that are among the 10% most cited (10%)
10) International collaboration – relative to country (5%)
11) International collaboration (5%)
12) Number of highly cited papers that are among the top 1% most cited in their respective field (5%)
13) Percentage of total publications that are among the top 1% most highly cited papers (5%)

World University Ranking by Times Higher Education (THE)                    

Research and New Knowledge Generation (60%)

1) Teaching: the learning environment (sub-total: 30%)
2) International outlook – staff, students, research (sub-total: 7.5%)
3) Innovation: income from industry (sub-total: 2.5%)
4) Research: income, volume and reputation (sub-total: 30%)
5) Research: citation impact (sub-total: 30%)

QS World University Ranking                

Research and New Knowledge Generation (20%)

1) Academic reputation (30%)
2) Employer reputation (20%)
3) Faculty/student ratio (15%)
4) Citations per paper(10%) and papers per faculty(10%)
5) Staff with a PhD(5%)
6) Proportion of international faculty (2.5%) and proportion of international students(2.5%)
7) Proportion of in bound exchange students (2.5%) and proportion of out bound exchange students (2.5%)

What Does IEEE Say ?

IEEE, an association dedicated to advance innovation and technological excellence for the benefit of humanity, with almost 90 million Technicians, Engineers, and Scientists, is the world's largest technical professional society. IEEE says that accreditation is the voluntary, peer review process utilized by higher education institutions and industry practitioners to evaluate academic degree programs.

What Does MIT Say ?

Many MIT instructors share their teaching approaches in a special section of their OCW courses, called “Instructor Insights.” In this section, you’ll find instructors discussing topics of interest to practicing teachers, such as course design, active learning, and engaging learners. You’ll also find course-specific information and infographics on the following topics to help you map the materials to your own curriculum:

What Does US Dept of Edu Say ?

The U.S. Department of Education does not accredit educational institutions and/or programs. However, the Department provides oversight over the postsecondary accreditation system through its review of all federally-recognized accrediting agencies. The Department holds accrediting agencies accountable by ensuring that they enforce their accreditation standards effectively. See CHEA